Tuesday, July 01, 2014

Industry Analysis - Pet Food

These are sources of information, links, programs, and resources for people interested in starting a pet food manufacturing business.

Published By: Knowledgeman
Published: 2014-07-01
Revised: 2014-07-10

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Pet Food Industry

The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture requires facilities manufacturing and/or guaranteeing animal feed to have a Commercial Feed License. The first step in obtaining a commercial feed license is to ensure your pet food has been properly tested to determine the protein, fat, fiber and moisture content. You can find testing laboratories by searching the internet for ‘animal feed testing laboratories’. With this information, you will want to compose a label that details the guaranteed analysis (min crude protein, min crude fat, max crude fiber, max moisture), a complete list of ingredients in order of predominance, directions for use (if limited purpose food or contains medications), the name and address of the manufacturer/guarantor and the net weight of the package. The next step is to find and choose a company that provides packaging and labeling printing services. Refer to Pennsylvania Pet Food Regulations for further information regarding labeling requirements.

Once everything has been processed and the product labels have been approved, your facility will be issued a Commercial Feed License, which will give you the authority to sell your pet food anywhere within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. If you intend to market either through the internet, mail order or other means of distribution interstate, there are requirements that must be met in each state before sale and distribution. You may find the contact information for each state at AAFCO. The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) also has an Official Publication that provides information on model animal feed regulations, model pet food regulations and pet food profiles and feeding protocols and has a comprehensive list of approved feed ingredients. In addition, there is a portal entitled, “The Business of Pet Food”, which is very helpful.

In addition to Pennsylvania requirements, there may be additional requirements with the Pennsylvania Department of Revenue for sales tax and Pennsylvania Department of State for fictitious names for businesses under their Bureau of Professional and Occupational Affairs. You may also want to check with your insurance agent to determine if there is a need for product liability insurance for this enterprise.

Finally, you will want to be sure to check with your local municipality for the appropriate ordinances of running a business from your home. I assume that you are not making and selling food for human consumption from this location. There would be other issues that would be regulated by our Bureau of Food Safety and Laboratory Services should that be the case.

Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture: Commercial Feed Division
Pennsylvania Commercial Feed Act (pdf)
Pennsylvania Pet Food Rules and Regualtions (pdf)
Application for a Commercial Feed License (pdf)
Apply for Commercial Feed License online

The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO): How to start a pet food company: http://www.petfood.aafco.org/StartingaPetFoodBusiness.aspx

Regulations concerning pet food labeling: http://www.petfood.aafco.org/LabelingLabelingRequirements.aspx#labeling

Pennsylvania Pet Food Production Regulations
PA Department of Agriculture Commercial Feed regulations and assistance: http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_2_24476_10297_0_43/http%3B/

Laboratory Analysis for Product Labeling
Pet food and commercial feeds sold to the public must have an FDA approved ingredients label on the product packaging. There are many pet food testing laboratories through out the United States that will conduct a nutritional and/or toxilogical analysis of your animal feeds (including pet foods and treats) for a fee. This will cost between $500 and $1,000 per product, depending on the lab. You can find a listing of Pennsylvania testing laboratories and other states as well, here: http://petfood.aafco.org/TestingLaboratories.aspx or here:

Find more companies that can help you do pet food nutritional nutritional and/or toxilogical analyses: Google Search: nutritional analysis laboratory

Some labs that I called:

Silliker Labs of PA
Northeast Laboratory
6390 Hedgewood Drive
Allentown, PA 18106
Tel: 610-366-9257 or 312-938-5151\

Jay Rucker
Sales Account Representative
EMSL Analytical, Inc.
975 Morrison Drive
Building C Suite A
Charleston SC 29403
Phone: (843) 628-3132
Fax: (843) 958-8175
Toll Free: (888) 958-8170
Email: jfrasca@emsl.com
Website: http://www.emsl.com/

Costs estimate, to license, nutritional analyze, label and package pet food:
Pet food license fee: $25
Pet food tonage fee: $25
Pet food nutritional laboratory analysis: $750 - $1,000
Pet food label and package: $500 - $2,000

Individuals to call and email with questions pertaining to pet food and commercial feeds:

Erin Bubb
Chief, Division of Agronomic & Regional Services
Regional Inspection Staff
(717) 772-5215

Barbara Buckingham
Administrative Support, Agronomic Programs
Feed, Fertilizer, Lime, Soil/Plant Amendment Licensing/Tonnage Reporting
(717) 705-0816

David Dressler
Program Specialist
Feed, Fertilizer, Lime ad Soil/Plant Amendments
(717) 772-5216

Federal Pet Food Production Regulations
United States Food & Drug Administration: http://www.fda.gov/animalveterinary/products/AnimalFoodFeeds/PetFood/default.htm

Other Links and Information
Harrisburg University Food Science & Technology Center
Institute of Food Technology

Google Search: pet food industry
Google Search: pet food industry statistics
Google Search: starting a pet food business
Google Search: pet food regulations

Friday, April 11, 2014

Computers For My Business - Free Software Training

This is information, resources, and links pertaining to organizations and websites that offer free software training. Published By: Knowledgeman
Published: 2014-04-11
Revised: 2014-04-11

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Free Software and Computer Science Training

Online Broadband and Technology Training (OBTT): Designed for adult learners, OBTT offers a variety of free online training courses for individuals interested in sharpening their skills. Any resident of Pennsylvania is welcome to take advantage of free online training through OBTT! Course offerings include Microsoft Office Suite applications, basic graphics and graphic design, business and professional skills, project management, and more – there is something for just about everyone.
OBTT Informational Flyers and Marketing Materials
Contact OBTT

Academic Earth: Academic Earth believes everyone deserves access to a world-class education, which is why we continue to offer a comprehensive collection of free online college courses from the world's top universities. And now, we take learning outside the classroom with our original series of thought-provoking videos, designed to spark your intellectual curiosity and start a conversation. Watch, learn, share, debate. After all, only through questioning the world around us, can we come to better understand it. Free Academic Earth Computer Science Courses

Google Search: Free Software Training

Thursday, November 14, 2013

Travel/Tourism - Hunting Works For PA

This is information and links pertaining to the Pennsylvania Wilds Hunting Works For Pennsylvania initiative. Published By: Knowledgeman
Published: 2013-11-14
Revised: 2013-11-19

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Industry Analysis - Travel/Tourism

Pennsylvania Wilds: Hunting Works For Pennsylvania (HWFPA) Initiative

PA Wilds
Hunting Works For Pennsylvania website: http://huntingworksforpa.com/
Contact HWFPA
HWFPA Annual Regional Meeting
HWFPA Mission
PA Hunting Economic Impact

Monday, May 06, 2013

New Product/Service Assistance - Intellectual Property Attorneys

This is the contact information for local south western Pennsylvania Intellectual Property Attorneys.

Published By: Knowledgeman
Published: 2013-05-06
Revised: 2013-05-06

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New Product/Service Assistance - Main Page

Intellectual Property Attorneys

Atwell & Morrow
421 North Main Street
Butler PA 16001
Phone: (724) 283-9333

Beck & Thomas, P.C.
Paul Beck
1575 McFarland Road Suite 100
Pittsburgh PA 15216
Phone: (412) 343-9700
Fax: (412) 343-5787
Email: pbeck@pbecklaw.com
Website: http://www.beckthomas.com/

Beck & Thomas, P.C.
John C. Thomas III
1575 McFarland Road Suite 100
Pittsburgh PA 15216
Phone: (412) 343-9700
Fax: (412) 343-5787
Email: jthomas@beckthomas.com
Website: http://www.beckthomas.com/

Barbara E. Johnson
Intellectual Property Law
555 Grant Street Suite 323
Pittsburgh PA 15219
Phone: (412) 281-3350
Cell: (412) 304-6565
Email: bejohnsonesq@aol.com

Scolieri Law Group, P.C.
Philip Scolieri
1207 Fifth Avenue Suite 200
Pittsburgh PA 15219
Phone: (412) 765-0546
Cell: (412) 425-5867
Email: pscolieri@scolierilaw.com
Website: http://www.scolierilaw.com/

McNees, Wallace & Nurick LLC
Geoffrey K. White
Registered Patent Attorney
Phone: (412) 600-9101
Email: gwhite@mwn.com
Website: http://www.mwn.com/

Lang Patent Law LLC
William F. Lang IV
Fourth Street Professional Building
640 Fourth Street
Beaver PA 15009
Phone: (724) 709-8765
Fax: (724) 728-1093
Email: bill@langpatentlaw.com
Website: http://www.langpatentlaw.com/

Lynch Weis, LLC
Kathleen Kuznicki
501 Smith Drive Suite 3
Cranberry Township PA 16066
Phone: (724) 776-8000
Fax: (724) 776-8001
Email: kkuznicki@lynchweis.com
Website: http://www.lynchweis.com/

Ference & Associates LLC
Stanley D. Ference
409 Broad Street
Pittsburgh PA 15143
Phone: (412) 741-8400
Fax: (412) 741-9292
Email: contact@ferencelaw.com
Website: http://www.ferencelaw.com/

Cohen & Grigsby, P.C.
David Kalson
625 Liberty Avenue
Pittsburgh PA 15222-3152
Phone: (412) 297-4900
Direct Phone: (412) 297-4975
Fax: (412) 209-0672
Email: dkalson@cohenlaw.com
Website: http://www.cohenlaw.com/

Fox Rothschild LLP
James Singer
625 Liberty Avenue 29th Floor
Pittsburgh PA 15222-3115
Phone: (412) 391-2486
Fax: (412) 391-6984
Email: jsinger@foxrothschild.com
Web: http://www.foxrothschild.com

Thorp Reed & Armstrong
Paul D. Bangor, Jr.
One Oxford Centre
301 Grant Street 14th Floor
Pittsburgh PA 15219
Phone: (412) 394-7767
Fax: (412) 394-2555
Email: pbangor@thorpreed.com
Website: http://www.thorpreed.com/

Tucker Arensberg, P.C.
Ralph F. Manning, Esq.
1500 One PPG Place
Pittsburgh PA 15222
Phone: (412) 594-5540
Fax: (412) 594-5619
Email: rmanning@tuckerlaw.com
Website: http://www.tuckerlaw.com/

Tucker Arensberg, P.C.
Lee Kim
1500 One PPG Place
Pittsburgh PA 15222
Phone: (412) 594-3915
Fax: (412) 594-5619
Email: lkim@tuckerlaw.com
Website: http://www.tuckerlaw.com/

The Webb Law Firm
Kent E. Baldauf, Jr.
700 Koppers Building
436 Seventh Avenue
Pittsburgh PA 15219
Phone: (412) 471-8815
Fax: (412) 471-4095
Email: kbaldaufjr@webblaw.com
Website: http://www.webblaw.com/

Schnader Harrison Segal & Lewis LLP
Jeffrey W. Letwin
Fifth Avenue Place
120 Fifth Avenue Suite 2700
Pittwsburgh PA 15222-6785
Phone: (412) 577-5106
Fax: (412) 765-3858
Email: jletwin@schnader.com
Website: http://www.schnader.com/

Wednesday, April 17, 2013

Money For My Business - Crowd Funding

These are sources of information, links, and resources for obtaining crowd funding to start and expand small businesses. Crowd funding or crowdfunding (alternately crowd financing, equity crowdfunding, or hyper funding) describes the collective effort of individuals who network and pool their money, usually via the Internet, to support efforts initiated by other people or organizations. Crowdfunding is used in support of a wide variety of activities, including disaster relief, citizen journalism, support of artists by fans, political campaigns, startup company funding, motion picture promotion, free software development, inventions development, scientific research, and civic projects.

Published By: Knowledgeman
Published: 2013-04-17
Revised: 2013-04-17

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Money For My Business - Main Page

Crowd Funding

Crowd Funding (Wikipedia)
gofundme.com: gofundme makes it incredibly easy to raise money online for just about any crowdfunding campaign you can imagine.
Google Search: crowd funding

Monday, March 11, 2013

Payment Methods For My Business - Smart Phone Credit Card Acceptance

Small businesses can now accept credit cards using their smart phones. You can download apps, purchase small mobile credit card reader hardware, and purchase commercial mobile smart phone credit card credit accounts for use for your business while on the road or at trade shows etc.

Published By: Knowledgeman
Published: 2013-03-11
Revised: 2014-08-14

Table of Contents
Payments Methods For My Business - Main Page

Mobile Smart Phone Credit Card Processing

Four Mobile Payment Systems Tested and Compared, PC WORLD March 2012

Accepting credit card payments can be a boon to your business, but the associated fees can be a drag on profitability. PayAnywhere’s pay-as-you-go fee of 2.69 percent per swipe is the least expensive of the four services we looked at, while Intuit's GoPayment and VeriFone's SAIL tie for second with fees of 2.7 percent per transaction. Squareup’s 2.75 percent fee is the highest of the four. If you’re processing more than $1,300 in payments each month, you might be better served by one of the subscription plans that combine a monthly fee with a lower per-swipe rate: GoPayment costs $13 per month with a swipe fee of just 1.7 percent, and SAIL costs $10 per month with a swipe fee of 1.95 percent. Another mobile smart phone payment system not mentioned in the article is Paypal Here. Just launched in August 2014, Amazon has debuted Amazon Local Register. Signing up before October 31, 2014 will lock in a special transaction rate of 1.75% for swiped transactions through December 31, 2015. After that date, the standard rate of 2.5% will apply to all swiped transactions.

Mobile Smart Phone Credit Card Processing Reviews

Intuit GoPayment
Square Card Reader
VeriFone SAIL
Paypal Here
Amazon Local Register

Google Search: smart phone credit card processing

Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Advertising and Promotion - Websites

Information, topics, and links related to your business's internet website marketing strategy.

Published By: Knowledgeman
Published: 2008-05-22
Revised: 2013-08-01

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Marketing My Business - Advertising & Promotion

Developing a Website as a part of your Marketing Strategy

About Web Design
What is a Website? (Wikipedia)
What Web Page Editor Should I Purchase (ConsumerSearch)
General Web Page Development Information
Web Design Assistance (Microsoft)
Google Search: "website help my business"

Free and Open Source Web Design Software
Free Web Editors (thefreecountry.com)

Purchase Web Design Software
Adobe Dreamweaver
Coffee Cup
Homestead SiteBuilder
Microsoft Expression
NetObjects Fusion

Outsourcing Your Web Design
Find Web Design Businesses (DesignFirms.org)
Find Web Design Businesses (SuperPages.com)

Evaluating Your Existing Website
Website Evaluator (Martin Brill, Kutztown SBDC)

Website Design and Evaluation Assistance
e-business/e-commerce Technology Assistance

Local Web Design Consultants

Clarion, Forest, & Venango Counties
USA Choice Internet Services
John Webb
PO Box 1306
679 Colbert Avenue
Oil City PA 16301
Phone: (877) 872-6382 Ext 224
Website: http://www.cust.usachoice.net/usachoiceproductsandservices

Annual fee for hosting website: free service for businesses
Cost to maintain website: $35 per hour

CS Online Internet Services - Computer Showcase
Joe Gayetty
PO Box 339
Seneca PA 16346
Phone: (814) 677-2447
Website: http://www.cstechplus.com/internet/webdesign.asp

Annual fee for hosting website: $10 to $25 per month
Fee to develop website: $300 to $1,000
Cost to maintain website: $65 per hour

Computer Support
Fred Cherico
860 South 5th Avenue
Clarion PA 16214
Phone: (814) 226-7456
Website: http://www.computersup.com/

No web hosting available
Call for pricing for website development

Dave Andrews
PO Box 17 (Mailing Adress)
1230 Cemetary Road (Location Address)
Cooksburg PA 16217-0017
Phone: (814) 744-8689
Email: david@webdesignable.com
Website: http://www.webdesignable.com/

Services: Web design, web hosting, Wordpress, content writing, graphic design, SEO and Google Analytics, database integration, ecommerce including shopping carts

Pricing: New commercial website: Based on project size and time
Updates: $30/hour
Web hosting: $9/month billed annually
Shopping carts: Based on project size and time
SEO: Based on project size and time
Database integration: Based on project size and time

Examples of websites developed: http://www.webdesignable.com/portfolio/default.asp

Debra Torres Copywriting and Design
Debra Torres
Phone: (814) 227-9471
Email: debratorres@comcast.net
Website: http://www.debratorrescopywriter.com/

Services: Website Writing and Design, Content SEO, Mobile Compatibility, Newsletter/E-Newsletter Writing and Design, Blog Writing and Design, Brochure Writing and Design, Press Releases and News Articles, Annual Reports, and Direct Mail Campaigns

Pricing: New commercial website: Based on project size and time
Shopping carts: Based on project size and time
Content SEO: Based on project size and time
Contact Debra Torres for a free quote

Testimonials: http://www.debratorrescopywriter.com/testimonials.html

Clearfield County
A&D Data Systems
Custom Computer Programming
Tom Aravich, Owner
Phone: (814) 371-5844
Email: aravich@ad-datasystems.com
Website: http://ad-datasystems.com/

Black Moshannon Systems
Software Development
Robert Snyder, Owner
Phone: (814) 345-5657
Email: sales@moshannon.com
Website: http://www.moshannon.com/

Eagle Haven Computer, Inc.
Computer Retailer
Joseph Colna, Owner
Phone: (814) 765-5779
Email: joecolna@eaglehaven.com
Website: http://www.eaglehaven.com

Krise Kustom Programming
Prepackaged Software Services Custom Computer Programming
Scott Krise, Owner
Phone: (814) 375-2227
Email: scottkrise@verizon.net

Jefferson County
All Nite Web Designs
Olivia Dobbins
49 Jackson Run Road
Punxsutawney PA 15767
Phone: (814) 952-0837
Email: olivialdobbins@allnitedesigns.com
Website: http://allnitedesigns.com/

Annual fee for hosting website: starting at $15.00 per month (includes free web statistics and email)

Fee to develop website: starting at $300.00 (free quotes available)

Fee to maintain website: starting at $30.00/hour (free quotes available)

Other services available: logo design, existing web site analysis, limited photography services (free quotes available)

246 West Mahoning Street
Punxsutawney PA 15767
Phone: (814) 938-5864
Fax: (814) 938-9648
Email: info@vismarkgroup.com
Website: http://www.vismarkgroup.com/

McKean County
protocol 80, Inc.
69 Birch Street
Bradford PA 16701
Toll Free: 1 (877) 277-4795
Local: (814) 558.2850
Email: jeremyc@protocol80.com
Website: http://www.protocol80.com/

Note: There are many more companies that do this. These are just a few local companies that have been in business for some time that I am familiar with.

Note: Price is not everything: quality, speed, and ease of use of the web page is very important. Also the past experience of the web site developer is important. Get the website addresses to websites that each of these businesses have developed and compare them. In addition, look at these web developers own websites to see what they have developed in-house for their own website.

Other Links, Articles, And Information
Are You Committing These 4 Common Website Errors? (Small Business Trends) 2009-07-28
Beginner's Checklist for Small Business Search Engine Optimization
Click For Help (Wall Street Journal 2006)
ClickZ Stats (Online Marketing Trends and Stats)
Create a QR Code to enable customers and potential customers to instantly learn more about a business, by visiting a mobile version of the business' Place Page on any supported phone.
E-Marketing: Marketing your business/products/services online (SBDCNet)
Internet and consumer choice (Pew/Internet 2008)
Starting a web-based business (quittingyourjob.com)
Webcards are an easier alternative to creating Websites
Website Development Articles & Tools (DevMechanic)